Radio Caroline

Were created in Britain in 1967 the local radio stations of the BBC (the State body which until then held the monopoly of the English radio), and the same year were declared illegal pirate radio transmissions. In 1980 the British Government, after winning a court fight, succeeded in sinking the ship from transmitting Radio Caroline. With pirate radio stations, and based on disk-jockeys, rock, and advertising of Coca Cola, the American model of free enterprise radio made irruption in Europe. The first schedules were sustained by multinationals with strong presence of North American capital: Ford, levee, American Tobacco Company, and so on. Later, at the end of the sixties, stations installed in neighbouring countries were born in the old continent, they penetrated the ether of the States that had public monopoly of the radio. These radios had two differences with the pirates, transmitted from the Mainland and had legal permission in the countries where they were installed; and a similarity, all violated the laws of neighbouring countries. The most famous were Radio Montecarlo, Capo d Istria (Yugoslavia), Montecenari (Swiss canton of Ticino) and Radio Luxembourg. These stations were open channels in the languages of the countries they wanted to penetrate.

The formula was the same pirate radio: rock, advertising of products for young people and a disk-jockey dynamic. LibreEntre the sixty and seventy years began a revolt against State monopolies of broadcasting in Europe. Free radios, which subsequently spread throughout almost the entire old continent were born in France and Italy. In Italy, country where he had more boom this phenomenon, prevailed the monopoly on broadcasting in the hands of the State entity Radio Audizione Italiana (RAI). The pro-reform movement put the issue of the democratization of the media in the center of the attention of all sectors of the population and a few days before the end of the State-RAI agreement began broadcasting Radio Bologna per l pubblico, first radio access free of Italy.